Short biography of Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam: The ScientistAbul Pakir Jainul Abideen Abdul Kalam popularly known as Missile Man is the President of India. The nation knows him as a nuclear scientist and the father of India’s successful missile programme.
As a defense scientist he got Bharat Ratna for his great success in Agni, Prathvi, Akash, Trishul and Nag missiles research. Our nation is proud of him because he brought fame to nation in missile power and challenging researches.
Dr. Kalam has the distinction of working with Indian scientists as Vikram Sarabhai and Santosh Dhawan from whom he got ideas and inspirations. The swearing-in ceremony at the Rashtrapati Bhawan was notable for the fusion of thoughts of the scientist and the head of the State, who called for a national movement to empower people to be “poverty free, healthy and literate.”
A.P.J. Kalam was born in 1931 at Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. He was the son of a little educated boat owner, named Jainulabedeen Ashiama. He always used to eat South Indian dish rice, sambhar and coconut chutney on banana leaf.
He did his schooling in Ramanathapuram district, for college he moved out of the district and studied in St. Joseph’s college in Triuchirapalli and did his diploma in Engineering from Indian Institute Technology, Chennai. He started his career with DRDO in 1958 and five year later went to ISRO where he became the Project Director of SLV.
He led India’s first satellite launch vehicle—’Rohini’ which successfully lifted in 1980. With this he realised that SLV technology could have military applications in the form of missile. He then became Programme Director to launch Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme.
In his 14 year work span as Director of Defence Research and Development Laboratory, he developed up Prithvi, Agni, Trishul, Akash and Nag. He completed the long delayed ‘Arjun’ tank project and also pushed ahead with an indigenous air craft engine ‘Kaveri’.
He is credited with designing state-of-the art warfare systems. Besides, the concept of reusable missile and evolving an item made of carbon-composite which can bear a temperature of 3500C and can be used in missile are his other achievements.
Before he became the President of India he received numerous awards including Padam Bhushan in 1981, Padam Vibhushan in 1990 and Bharat Ratan, the country’s highest civilian award, in 1997.
Dr. Kalam is confident that India can become self-reliant in Military Technology by year 2010. His ideas are no figment of imagination when we consider the following facts about him.
(1) He is one of those few technologists who strive to find multiple uses for what they create. He developed light weight calipers for the polio-affected out of the carbon material developed for Agni missile.
This material made the caliper one tenth of the original weight of four kilograms. It was a great experience to see how a composite material could be used to help the polio-affected.
(2) He feels an urgent need for good leadership and Government funding in the scientific area, laying greater stress on achieving result- oriented objectives by large scale promotion of scientific values among the masses.
(3) He does not favour the import of technology and encourages self- reliance in technology. He says “Haven’t we proved that we can do things with minimum foreign aid? All we need a determination and belief in ourselves.”
(4) He has tremendous faith in the youth of this country. He says, “We have many young people of high caliber. All that they need is a dream to choose and fulfill.
Besides being a scientist of high caliber, the president of India Dr. Abdul Kalam is also a poet and a lover of music. Although he has a very few leisure’s in his busy schedule. He is also fond of playing on Veena. He is a scientist who thinks, dreams, lives and breathes science. Also earlier the greatness of the man is also his simplicity despite having many achievements and honours to his credits.
Dr. Kalam is down to earth, unassuming and sentimental person. One instance reflecting this quality in him is when somebody asked him when he became the president of India, “What would he have been if he was not a scientist” He said laughing “I would probably be farming in a small piece of land in Rameshwaram.”
We are proud to have such a great president who enthuses us and champions the cause for the exceptional work of advancement of science and public service of the highest order.
The ‘Missile Man’ rose from his humble background to become the jewel in nation’s crown and made missiles for the country thereby making India member of the exclusive club of nuclear powers in the world.
His journey from Madurai based Anna Universities to the Rashtrapati Bhavan in Delhi, is a feat which even an Olympian gold medalist Pole Vaulted could never have dreamt of.
Kalam has the quality of being diligently committed to his mission. He feared love and shunned friends, who tried to be closed, fearing it would become a heavy block in his way of fulfilling his mission of nuclear sing India Thus he decided not to marry.
After being the president of the largest democracy of the world, perhaps none can have any aspiration left, but Kalam has, of opening a school for the poor children in Rameshwaram. Dr. Kalam says, “If you want to leave your foot prints on the sand of the time do not drag your feet.” ‘Great dreams and Great dreamers are always rewarded with victory.’
“As a young citizen of India armed with technology, knowledge and love for my nation, ! Realise small aim a crime”
Thoughts of Kalam
Kalam justifies India having nuclear weapon with his favourite slogan “strength respects strength”. He says why we worry about the few nuclear bombs India may have why not talk about the 10,000 nuclear warheads across the Atlantic. His co-workers think it is this philosophical bent of mind that has helped Kalam master the art of building consensus.
He always aims high. The man, still overwhelmed by the realisation, somebody with humble origins like him can occupy the country’s highest office, is ecstatic at the wonderful vagaries of Indian polity when asked his reaction on being gifted with presidential post. “It feels fantastic” was all he could say gleefully to the waiting media persons, as the voting for the president’s post progressed at Parliament House.
He said “India Vision 2020 demands from the young that they start a great mission of connecting rivers cutting across the states”. He feels the young have the most powerful mission.”
I am convinced that peace, prosperity and happiness will come only by an integrated approach to national development through technology and traditional value system.
Have experienced He is berg’s statement “you know, in the west we have built a large beautiful ship, it has all the comforts in it, but one thing is missing, it has no compass and does not know where to go.
Men like Tagore and Gandhi and spiritual forbearers found the compass why can this compass not be put in the human ship so that both may realise their purpose.” President’s Powers—Article 352,360